The four nebulizers are as follows: (see 1, pages 26-36):
3. Dr. Mackenzie's Nebulizer: "The apparatus of Dr. Mackenzie is a very good one. The piston is drawn back by a wheel and rack at its upper part, and is forced down by a circular spring which surrounds the cylinder. The apparatus is filled with liquid by a funnel in its top, and all the spray, except that which is inhaled, passes back into the apparatus. He claims the following advantages for it: 1. Its simplicity, requiring only a few turns of a handle to set it in operation. 2. The extremely fine state of subdivision which it effects. 3. The uniform pressure exerted. 4. The fact that the Waste liquid returns into the apparatus. 5. The ease with which it can be taken to pieces and cleaned." (no picture available)
|Dr. Seigle's Inhaler|
4. Dr. Seigle's Inhaler: "The third form of apparatus is that of Dr. Seigle, and is preferable to the others, for its simplicity and because it is automatic. The best reason for preferring it, however, is, that its price is such as to bring it within the means of any patient, as it is furnished through the druggists for$5,00, and its construction is so simple, that it is readily operated by any one." The inhaler (or nebulizer) is designed so that steam provides the flow that makes the bernoulli principle work, and in this way the operator doesn't need assistance to create a mist. The device simply sits on a table and the patient can enjoy the mist, and hopefully relief in breathing. I will describe this inhaler in greater detail in my next post.
So while there were many varieties, these are your basic nebulizers of the 19th century. It's basically what you had to deal with until the 1930s when electricity became available. It was either one of these, a steam inhaler, or inhaling smoke.
- Scudder, John Milton, " On the use of medicated Inhalations in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory organs," 1867, Cincinnati, 2nd edition, Moor, Wilstach, and Baldwin
- Wyka, Kenneth A., Paul Joseph Mathews, William F. Clark, "Foundations of Respiratory Care,"